Traumatic Brain Injury: Signs and Effects
A traumatic brain injury (TBI), also called an intracranial injury, is a very serious injury that affects the human brain, the body’s major control network for all functions and abilities. Anything that causes a forceful blow to the head can result to TBI and affect the brain’s functions which, in turn, would also affect the way the whole body works.
According to Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), TBI can cause temporary or total functional disability, psychosocial impairment or both, as well as damages in one or more areas of the brain, resulting to impairment in one’s mental abilities, including cognition, reasoning, information processing, memory, problem-solving, judgment, abstract thinking and language. TBI also makes a person more vulnerable to serious illnesses, such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy and other health problems that can affect his/her respiratory, circulatory and digestive systems.
Some brain injuries can be mild, causing only a momentary dysfunction of the brain cells and short term headaches; most cases, however, are severe, resulting to bleeding, bruising, torn tissues, amnesia, coma, and/or other brain injuries that can lead to permanent disability or death. In its records, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows about 1.4 million cases of TBIs in the U.S. every year, putting it in the list of major causes of disabilities and death in the country.
The most common causes of TBI include: vehicular accidents; blasts or explosions, especially in war zones; sports accidents; falls; assault; child abuse; or, any other accident that causes a violent blow, or a sudden jolt, to the stories of wrongful death in emergency roomshead.
The symptoms of TBI are often not immediately obvious, usually becoming manifest only days or weeks after the accident or act of violence. This is why it is very important to always observe victims for possible signs of TBI, like persistent neck pain or headaches, sudden slowness in thinking, reading, speaking or acting, sudden loss of sense of taste and smell, unexplained changes in sleep pattern, moodiness, and dizziness. If repeated convulsions, vomiting, slur in speech, and numbness or weakness in the arms, hands, legs and feet, follow an accident or a blow to the head, however, then it is necessary to take the victim to a hospital for general evaluation.
Though most of the causes of TBI occur accidentally, the accidents are, nevertheless, consequences of other people’s negligence. Now, personal injury, which is based on the assumption of negligence, falls within the scope of tort law wherein victims have the legal right to seek justice, one way is by seeking compensation for whatever damages the injury would result to. When pursuing legal action, however, it is rather recommended that the victim is represented by a highly knowledgeable and experienced personal.
As pointed out by the Mokaram Law Firm in its website, “Unlike other physical injuries, TBIs are particularly worrisome because of the lingering possibility of cognitive damage that may affect memory, motor skills, and core personality traits. Furthermore, symptoms of traumatic brain injury commonly have a delayed onset, meaning a brain injury victim may not feel the extent of their injuries until weeks later. This can lead to additional medical complications, such as a misdiagnosis or shirked emergency room visit. While these injuries can arise out of unlucky circumstances, negligence from another party is the cause of brain injury all too often. Brain injuries caused by negligence are common in automobile collisions, motorcycle accidents, and instances of a defective product. Pursuing legal action against the liable party, with help form a seasoned personal injury lawyer may help the victim seek the compensation he /she may legally deserve.